Cervical Cancer Symptoms and Prevention, Anticancer Food and Myths – The symptoms uterine cancer can often be confused with other non-cancerous diseases. In addition, this cancer can be located in the cervix or in tissues and has different names such as cancer of the cervix or endometrial cancer. It is important to know them since they are among the most frequent cancers in women globally. If you belong to the risk group and you notice any symptoms … do not miss it!
What is uterine or endometrial cancer?
Let’s briefly review our knowledge about the uterus. The uterus is a hollow organ that serves to house the fetus during pregnancy. It is lined by a type of glandular tissue called the endometrium.
During the fertile stage, every month the endometrium grows and thickens, preparing to receive a fertilized egg. If this does not happen, the lining is removed by menstruation.
The connection between the uterus and the vagina is the cervix or cervix. Depending on where the cancer cells develop, we will be facing uterine cancer or endometrial cancer, and cervical cancer, cervical cancer or cervical cancer.
According to the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology, endometrial cancer is the most frequent among those of the genital tract of women. Globally, it is in fourth place among the most frequent cancers among women.
Because endometrial cancer is the most common type of cancer of the uterus, when it comes to uterine cancer, it usually refers to endometrial cancer.
Risk factors for uterine cancer
Before detailing the symptoms of uterine cancer it is important to know the risk factors, that is, what conditions would make the development of uterine cancer more possible.
To begin, it is more common among older women, after menopause, because the hormonal changes in this stage produce a growth of endometrial tissue. In fact, most cases of endometrial cancer occur in women 60 to 70 years of age.
Other risk factors are:
- Receive hormone replacement therapies with estrogen alone: these therapies are applied to treat the symptoms of menopause, but they lack another necessary hormone such as progesterone.
- Menopause at older age: women who begin menopause after age 55 are at higher risk of developing endometrial cancer.
- Menarca at younger age: women who have their first menstruation before age 12 are also at higher risk of developing endometrial cancer.
- In general lack of exposure to estrogen: previous cases, such as infertility or never having been pregnant are predisposing factors because the body has not generated estrogen.
- Obesity: Obesity and overweight increase the risk of developing uterine cancer by two to four times.
- Diabetes and high blood pressure: they also increase the chances of developing uterine cancer regardless of weight.
- Other conditions and diseases: diseases that alter the balance between the hormone levels of estrogen and progesterone can swell the endometrium and facilitate the development of cancer cells. This can happen if you have polycystic ovary syndrome, endometrial polyps or ovarian tumors and if you are receiving hormone therapy to treat breast cancer.
Symptoms uterine cancer
It is important to know that not all the symptoms associated with uterine cancer are equivalent to developing this disease. Moreover, many can be caused by non-cancerous diseases.
However, only a complete medical examination can determine what these symptoms are due to cancer of the uterus, other cancers or non-cancerous diseases.
The most common symptom is vaginal bleeding or spotting after the completion of the menopause, that is, about 12 months without menses.
Other symptoms are:
- White or whitish discharge in menopause.
- Bleeding between menses or menstruations that last longer than normal.
- Very abundant or long-lasting menstruation after 40 years.
- Pain in the lower abdomen.
- Pain when having sex.
- Abnormal Pap test results (rare symptom)
Why early detection is important
Symptoms uterine cancer are not detectable early as it is with cervical cancer that can be detected by Pap test and other cancers.
In fact, thanks to this type of tests the incidence of these cancers has decreased a lot, but a test that allows early detection of uterine or endometrial cancer has not yet been developed.
The uterine cancer symptoms are one of the few warnings that your body sends to alert you about the development of an endometrial cancer.
There are also many possibilities to prevent this type of cancer, but you can reduce the risk factors such as maintaining a healthy weight and exercising.
If you must receive hormone replacement therapies with estrogen, we recommend that you carefully analyze your pros and cons with your doctor.
Currently, estrogens are available in many different forms such as tablets, patches, creams, injections or ovules and most of the time they are considered an option to mitigate the symptoms of menopause.
6 factors that can lead to cervical cancer
Cancer, in any of its varieties, remains our number one enemy as far as health is concerned. We all fear him and all, without exception, we have some case (near or far) of some person who has suffered this unnameable disease. Cancer is the great sanitary problem of the 21st century and yet, there is nothing 100% effective yet. We continue to hear his name and we continue to put on the worst. But while the researchers finally give the solution to this terrible disease, for our part the only thing we can do is try to prevent it (even though it is something that no one is exempt from). As we say, there are many types of cancers, but today we are going to focus on one that directly affects women: cervical cancer.
- 1 What is cervical cancer?
- 2 6 factors that promote cervical cancer
- 2.1 1. Tobacco addiction
- 2.2 2. Human Papillomavirus
- 2.3 3. Oral contraceptives
- 2.4 4. Female infections
- 2.5 5. Genetic background
- 2.6 6. Sedentary life
- 3 How can we prevent cervical cancer?
What is cervical cancer?
Breast cancer and cervical cancer are two varieties directly related to women and with a high presence among the female population. Cervical cancer is caused by an abnormal growth of the cells of the cervix. These cells become malignant and give rise to what is known as tumors.
In this case and as in the rest of the cancers, whatever their typology, detection is key and early treatment is the main cause of success.
Cervical cancer is currently the fourth cause of cancer death in women between 30 and 60 years.
Although the information is scarce and determining the causes that propitiate it is something still complicated, we want to do our bit and tell you the 6 main factors that have been related to it and that can help us to reduce the chances of suffering it.
6 factors that promote cervical cancer
1. Tobacco addiction
We all know that snuff is directly related to lung cancer, but in addition to this, it is also related to other types of tumors, for example, the cervix. No matter the area, tobacco does not only affect the respiratory system: the toxic substances of cigarettes favor the formation and development of cancer cells.
Thus, women smokers are four times more likely to develop cervical cancer compared to those who do not smoke. Do not you think that’s enough reason to put out your last cigar?
2. Human Papillomavirus
HPV is also directly related to cervical cancer. In fact, it is estimated that around 98% of these types of tumors are related to it or have started with an HPV.
Fortunately, there is already a vaccine against the Human Papillomavirus. Consisting of 3 doses, it is applied from 9 to 45 years among the female population to avoid infection through sexual intercourse.
3. Oral contraceptives
No, apparently they are not as harmless as we think. And although oral contraceptives are increasingly weak and with lower hormonal load (especially if we compare them with the first ones that went on the market or with those that are much stronger for trying to solve problems far beyond unwanted pregnancies). However, numerous studies have shown that consuming them for more than 5 consecutive years increases the chances of cervical cancer.
However, this factor is not in itself cause for alarm, since, even so, the possibility is minimal. What can we do to avoid it if we do not want to stop taking oral contraceptives like the pill? Taking breaks for 3 months every 2 years, always under medical supervision and combining it with other contraceptives, is one of the solutions most women in the world take to reduce the possibility of developing cervical cancer due to the pills.
4. Female infections
Female infections such as chlamydia exponentially increase the risk of cervical cancer. The chlamydia is relatively common (or at least, one of the most common among women). It is transmitted through sexual intercourse, it produces inflammation of the pelvis and can lead to infertility.
Those who suffer or have suffered chlamydia, have a greater predisposition to suffer from interim neck cancer. The worst of this infection is that it is usually asymptomatic in most cases or have symptoms that do not cause for alarm or easily identifiable, so we can suffer without knowing it. A pelvic floor exam is able to detect it.
5. Genetic background
Genetics plays a fundamental role in determining our predisposition to contracting diseases and in this case, it could not be otherwise. Yes, the family history of cervical cancer increases our chances of developing or avoiding it. In fact, it is estimated that in families where there are cases of this, the chances of women suffering from it are 2 or 3 times more than among those who do not have close cases.
6. Sedentary life
The sedentary lifestyle is worse than we think. In addition to influencing weight, vitality, and energy, it leads to other problems: cardiovascular, respiratory, among others. In addition, it also promotes the development of cancer cells and the appearance of infections.
If you do not do it because of your weight, do it for your health. Move on!
How can we prevent cervical cancer?
As we have highlighted in the 6 factors we just analyzed, there are different ways to prevent (or at least try to prevent) cervical cancer. We highlight some of the prevention measures you can perform:
- Leave the sedentary life and move more every day. We do not need to become Olympians, but try to move more and be more active.
- Take care of the food Take more of the so-called “anti-cancer foods”. They are not 100% effective, obviously, but all help is always welcome.
- Go to periodic reviews. Especially after 30 years (or if you have a family history before), you should have a cytology once a year. Specialists recommend doing it from the beginning of sexual relations, but with the maturity of women raise the chances of contracting this type of diseases
- Be careful with contraceptives. If we do not have a stable partner, we should always opt for barrier contraceptives. In case of having it, we should make periodic breaks of the oral contraceptives.
- Give up smoking. Smoking is related to cervical cancer. Put out that cigar you have in your hands! Your health will thank you. At all levels. Stop playing for an insane vice.
Cancer is the big problem of our day. Every year, an average of more than 8 million people around the world lose their lives due to this disease, which we have not yet been able to find a 100% effective solution. Although medicine is increasingly advanced and the chances of success are greater, until we manage to eradicate it as the greatest health problem of our era, we can not say that everything has happened. Meanwhile, any help is good and the focus is on the food again. Are there really anticancer foods? Can we say that in nutrition we can find a cure for cancer?
Unfortunately, this would only be a half-truth. It is true that eating a correct diet can help us slightly to prevent this disease, but we can not hope to eliminate all possibility with it.
However, if it is enough to contribute its bit in prevention, it is worth trying.
- 1 10 anti-cancer foods
- 1.1 1. Garlic
- 1.2 2. Onion
- 1.3 3. Algae
- 1.4 4. Citrus
- 1.5 5. Nuts
- 1.6 6. Honey
- 1.7 7. Peppers
- 1.8 8. Green tea
- 1.9 9. Granada
- 1.10 10. Lentils
10 ANTICANCER FOODS
We begin with the so-called “natural antibiotic”. Garlic contains allicin, a component that helps us eliminate toxic substances from the body, but is also rich in an explosive combination of vitamins and minerals that provide excellent properties.
It is always recommended to take it raw so you do not lose any of them. When cooking or frying it, it loses benefits as it does with many other foods. In case of doubt, we will always seek to consume them in their natural state.
But it is true that garlic can have a flavor too strong for some people. In this case, if we can not camouflage it by eating, for example, bread at the same time, we can also go to the pearls of natural garlic that are usually sold in pharmacies and/or herbalists.
The potato omelet, with onion or without it? This question has generated more controversy throughout the world than any game of Monopoly with those friends who do not know how to lose (yes, look around you, we all have a friend like that).
Our answer is undoubtedly a resounding YES. Onion is also among the best anticancer foods. It shares properties with garlic, like the aforementioned allicin, but it is also very rich in antioxidants, a staple for cancer prevention and proper cell maintenance.
We have already talked about the benefits of algae, a food that we have not all dared to try but that has many more advantages than a characteristic flavor and the fact of being a key ingredient in Japanese cuisine.
Algae not only strengthen our immune system, they also help us reduce the side effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Enough reason to incorporate the algae in your menu.
The citrus family, from orange to tangerine or kiwi among many others, are an excellent food group. Its high content of Vitamin C not only helps us to prevent colds and maintain strong defenses. In addition to this, citrus fruits are also rich in antioxidants and other types of nutrients that help prevent the deterioration of cells and, therefore, cause them to be classified as anticancer foods.
A handful of nuts is able to bring us incredible benefits. In fact, many doctors recommend them as the ideal snack at mid-morning or mid-afternoon. Perhaps you will tell us that they are somewhat caloric and probably do not lack reason, but their nutritional properties more than compensate for these healthy calories that provide us.
Among the best nuts to prevent cancer, we can name the nuts, the almonds and sunflower seeds. They contain vitamins B, E, magnesium and zinc, among others. And of course, antioxidants, a basic nutrient in cancer prevention.
There are many types of honey we are already analyzing several of them. But they all have something in common: honey helps us prevent infections and strengthen the immune system.
How does this help us in the fight against cancer? When we pass a chemotherapy treatment, the body is very prone to contract infections and diseases because of how low our defenses are. A couple of teaspoons of honey a day will keep us stronger, away from trivial diseases such as colds but also other more serious and alarming.
Be it green, red or even yellow. A good salad of peppers gives us incredible properties, among others, the combination of Vitamin C + beta-carotene, antioxidants that help us protect the mucosa.
But there is more: the capsaicin that we can find in them is probably the substance that gives them its anticancer power since it is able to “block” the toxic elements that enter the body and that can lead to cancer. Take peppers a couple of times a week and help your body prevent this disease.
8. GREEN TEA
Stop consuming sugary soft drinks at the wrong time and bet more on water, the source of life, but also for the infusions, which have exceptional benefits.
If we talk about anticancer foods, we find that green tea is one of the best types of infusions we can take for it. The motives? The presence of antioxidants and polyphenols, two basic substances in the fight against cancer.
Green tea has many benefits and properties for our health.
Although the pomegranate is fantastic to prevent any type of cancer thanks also to the presence of antioxidants, it is especially recommended against breast cancer. In this sense, probably the best way to take it is through pomegranate juice, a state in which the nutrients and properties of this fruit are concentrated to the maximum.
In addition, pomegranate juice is also indicated against prostate cancer, so it is a good idea to take it for both men and women.
With lentils, the same thing happens to all of us: when we are little we do not even want to see them, but the moment the kitchen becomes dependent on us, we take them more than we ever imagined. And we even like them! The reasons are very varied: they are easy to make, cheap, very nutritious and they take us out of trouble when we do not know what to cook.
But today we give you one more reason: lentils (like other types of legumes), fall into the category of anti-cancer foods. Although they are closely related to colon cancer because of their fiber content, they can also help us prevent other types of cancers.
Myths and realities of food to prevent cancer
The cancer is one of the scourges of humanity, but there is growing evidence that can do much to prevent cancer, with a responsible attitude, healthy lifestyle and knowing that you are the highest guardian of your own health.
Figures that impact …
Cancer is one of the most important causes of death worldwide, between 2005 and 2015 and despite advances in its diagnosis and treatment, an estimated 84 million people will die from this disease.
In 2012, 8.2 million deaths due to cancer and 14 million new cases were reported. And it is estimated that in the year 2032 will reach 22 million new cases annually.
What science affirms
The most prestigious associations and expert groups in the world affirm that between 30 and 40% of the new cases of cancer that appear annually could be avoided with:
- Greater physical activity
- Maintain an ideal weight
- Avoid excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages
- Eliminate smoking
- Healthy eating with a predominance of fruits and vegetables
Feeding to prevent cancer
All organisms specialized in cancer and oncology consider that a healthy and balanced diet is one of the best measures to avoid the appearance of different types of cancer. More and more evidence is emerging about food combinations to prevent cancer.
Numerous publications refer to foods that prevent cancer and even in some are called anti-cancer foods, but when one delves into the results provided by scientific research in the light of current knowledge many of these statements are not as clear as postulated.
Others are in very doubtful terrain, supported by some works and questioned by others. Here we will review the latest on food to prevent cancer and how to help you to improve your health every day.
From the current state of food research to prevent cancer we can affirm …
- People who consume abundant fruits and vegetables have lower risk of suffering from some types of cancer and global mortality with respect to non-consumption is reduced by 26% compared to those who do not regularly eat these products.
- Studies indicate that it is optimal to consume 5 daily servings of 80 grams each of fruits and vegetables. Of them 3 of vegetables and two of fruits.
- The food is the best way to get the vitamins and minerals that our body needs for optimal functioning.
- The best recommendation for obtaining antioxidant substances is through the consumption of fruits and vegetables that contain vitamin C, vitamin E, carotenoids, such as beta-carotene and vitamin A, and another great variety of photochemicals.
- Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages increases the risk of cancer of the mouth, larynx, pharynx, esophagus, liver and breast.
- The consumption of high-fiber foods such as whole grains, vegetables and fibers is related to the lower incidence of colon and rectal cancer.
- Recent studies indicate that garlic, onion, coffee, ginger, cumin, curry, and green tea may have active compounds that are associated with a lower risk of some types of cancer, most studies have been conducted in animals, there are still no conclusive studies.
Some myths about food to prevent cancer
- It has not been found that antioxidant supplementation reduces the risk of cancer, in fact, some studies indicate that it may increase its incidence.
- Different studies suggest that supplementation with beta-carotene is not convenient, the opposite should be avoided mainly in smokers. In two studies it is shown that it can be harmful and in another there are no differences.
- Coffee was associated with a higher incidence of pancreatic cancer, currently, it is assessed that moderate coffee consumption helps prevent some types of cancer.
- The supplements of vitamins and minerals help reduce cancer risk as they are consumed should never exceed the level of the daily requirement.
- The high consumption of fat has been associated with the increased incidence of prostate, breast and colon cancer, but so far there are no scientific papers to support this claim.
From all the above we can conclude that to fight against the appearance of malignant tumors, nutrition plays a leading role and there are many things we can do to help prevent cancer.